Click to download PDF: As per 1 January 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017201820192020

Personal Income Tax Rates – Employment Income Progressive personal income tax rates from 17% – 32% (in some particular case, flat tax rate is possible).
Tax rate
Tax period Calendar year.
Tax residency / Domicile according to domestic law Tax residency criteria is laid down in the law and principally outlines the following requirements:
• Present for more than 183 days in a calendar year in Poland.
• Centre of personal or economical interests in Poland.
Tax registration Applicable in case PESEL number (personal identification number) is not issued.
Employment income definition Remuneration and benefits in cash or in kind received by an employee for services rendered under an employment agreement.
Examples of tax exemption Children allowance depending on the income and number of children. Payments and benefits relating to business trip within statutory limits.
Specific expatriate concession N/A
Income of board members Depending on the type of contract: income from activity performed personally (resolution, civil law contract), employment income (employment contract).
Tax returns Local employment agreement: the employer is responsible for the monthly tax compliance (tax advance as well as monthly filings).
Foreign employment agreement: monthly individual tax compliance (tax advance and yearly filings).
Tax payments As a rule by 20th day of the month following the month in which income was derived and balancing payment upon filing annual tax return.
Tax on real estate property
Employment income / income from board members Art 15/16 Model OECD Tax treaties.
Cross border employments EU Regulation No 883/2004 and EU regulation No. 1408 / 71.
Exception under Art 16 of Reg. 883/2004
and Art 17 of Reg. 1408/71
Generally applicable.
Social Security Cost as % from gross salary and absolute amounts Due by employer on gross salary:
• 9,76% : Pension contribution ;
• 6,50% : Invalidity contribution ;
• 1,67% : Accident contribution ;
• 2,45% : Labour fund ;
• 0,10% : Employee’s Guaranteed Benefits Fund.
Due by employee on gross salary:
• 9,76% : Pension contribution ;
• 1,50% : Invalidity contribution ;
• 2,45% : Sickness contribution ;
• 9,00% : Health insurance – 7,75% deductible from tax due
The pension and invalidity contributions are capped over the income exceeds 30 average estimated national salaries for a given year (PLN 156 810 for 2020, converted against the exchange rate as applicable as of 31 August 2020 approximately EURO 35 637).
Work permit Swiss, EU and EEA nationals do not need a work permit to work in Poland, if certain conditions are met a notification may need to be filed. After fulfilling certain requirements, exempt from possessing a work permit in Poland are citizens of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation or Ukraine
Nationals of another countries need a work permit in order to perform (employment) activities in Poland.
Visa EU and EEA citizens do not need a visa to enter Poland. Non-EU and EEA citizens from particular countries may be obliged to apply for a visa before entering Poland.
Residency permits / registration certificate EU citizens need to apply for a registration certificate if their stay exceeds three months.
A foreigner can apply for the residence permit for a specified period of time (not exceeding two years period) if circumstances justifying residence in Poland for a period longer than 3 months occur.
Driving license The driving licence issued in other EU, EEA countries and Switzerland as well as International Driving Permit are recognized.
STOCK OPTION PLAN Tax treatment depends upon the conditions of the Stock Option Plan.
183 days The days of physical presence will be accounted per calendar year, tax year or 12 month period (depends on tax treaty).
Notion of employer Economic and formal employer.
Existence of a permanent establishment The definition of a permanent establishment is determined in the tax treaty.
Kinga Baran
Partner, Tax Advisory Department
Send Email
Direct line: +48 22 25 55 200
Address: Ul. Piękna 18, 00-549 Warszawa, Warsaw


Aneta Jurkiewicz
Managing Director – HR Administration & Payroll Services Department
Send Email
Direct line: +48 22 25 55 200
Address: Ul. Piękna 18, 00-549 Warszawa, Warsaw